Arcology is a compact 3-D alternative to urban sprawls comprising economically self-sufficient architectural design principles combining more efficient use of land and resources. It does away with inherently wasteful consumption of land, energy and time, which are the main causes for isolation of people from each other and their communities. By putting living, working and public spaces within easy reach arcology utilizes only 2 percent of the space a normal city would require to house its population.
 Maximizes Logistical Efficiency
Arcology, which is a term invented in the 50s by Italian-American architect Paolo Soleri, embodies the fusion of architecture with ecology, maximizes logistical efficiency of food distribution systems by situating agriculture within easy reach and giving low impact access to rural space.
The most interesting aspect is an arcology features an entire city in a single enormous building, and provides all the needs of the residents. They have self-contained and environmentally and economically self-sufficient residential and commercial facilities which the residents need not leave if they don’t want to.
 In Conjunction with Environment
Arcology envisages existence in conjunction with the environment and are designed in a way which minimizes pollution and energy consumption and facilitates human interaction.
- What is an Arcology