Riparian Buffer Strips
A buffer strip surrounding a riparian area (an area that is dominated by water) is usually composed of grasses, shrubs and trees. This protects the body of water and the wildlife that lives in it. When planted around an agricultural area the forested strip acts as a filter protecting the water from harmful run-off.
According to the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) buffer strips can remove up to 50% of nutrients and pesticides, up to 60% of certain pathogens and up to 75% of sediment that might otherwise leave a field. The shade cast by a forested buffer strip reduces evaporation and keeps water temperatures relatively cool
- What are Riparian Buffers?