Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

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Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is the more popular name of Keoladeo Ghana National Park. Way back in the early part of the twentieth century, the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary was the hunting grounds of the Maharaja of Bharatpur. Today, the sanctuary is an ornithologists’ delight, for not only is it home to many indigenous species of birds, but it also home to migratory birds during the winter season.

Contents

Why should I be aware of this?

This is the best-known bird sanctuary in India, situated in Rajasthan. It is also called Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary and features a large number of migrating birds from Siberia and China, which include herons, storks, cranes and geese. It also houses deers and other wildlife. Visit it around September to February.

All about Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

The Bharatpur National Park (Keoladeo Ghana National Park) or-as many people prefer to call it-the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary lies between two of India's most historic cities, Agra and Jaipur. This north Indian sanctuary is situated in the country's northwestern state of Rajasthan, about 190 km from the national capital of Delhi.

While many of India's parks have been developed from the hunting preserves of princely India; Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary, is perhaps the only case where the habitat has been created by a Maharajah. He got a large area enclosed with embankments and further divided it with earthen dams called 'bunds' creating a large number of marshes and lakes.

History

In earlier times, Bharatpur town used to be flooded regularly every monsoon. In 1760, an earthen dam (Ajan Dam) was constructed, to save the town, from this annual vagary of nature. The extraction of soil for the dam created a depression which became home to the Bharatpur Lake.

At the beginning of this century, this lake was developed, and was divided into several portions. A system of small dams, dykes, sluice gates, etc., was created to control water level in different sections. This became the hunting preserve of the Bharatpur royalty, and one of the best duck - shooting wetlands in the world.

Plants

The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary has over a 100 species of plants. The tree species include mango and jamun, a favorite of the birds. The park also has many bamboo groves, and these shady nooks are a haven for the more timid birds. The marshy regions have aquatic plants, whose tuberous roots are food for the aquatic birds here. The weeds and planktons in the water are also a very “in demand” food as far as birds are concerned.

Animals

Bharatpur is more famous for its bird rather than the animal population. However, it does have some interesting animals, some of which are the spotted deer, sambhar, blackbuck, leopard, python, frog, snail, and fish.

The birds include cranes, eagles, hawks, pelicans, ducks, larks, wagtails, cormorants, ducks, flycatchers, marsh harriers etc. The Siberian Crane, the most important of the seasonal visitors to Bharatpur, has unfortunately not been spotted here for a while


CopperBytes

The Maharajah of Bharatpur created the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in 1890, though conservation was the last thing on his mind.

  • Bharatpur is mainly an artificial creation, a result of enclosed embankments, earthen dams called 'bunds' creating a large number of marshes and lakes. . The government banned the indiscriminate shooting of birds in 1965. Conservation efforts originally started by Dr. Salim Ali received a further impetus when the area was deemed a national park in March 1982. In 1985, Bharatpur was accepted as a World Heritage Site.
  • Bharatpur is more famous for its bird rather than the animal population. However, it does have some interesting animals, some of which are the spotted deer, sambhar, blackbuck, leopard, python, frog, snail, and fish.
  • The birds include cranes, eagles, hawks, pelicans, ducks, larks, wagtails, cormorants, ducks, flycatchers, marsh harriers etc. The Siberian Crane, the most important of the seasonal visitors to Bharatpur, has unfortunately not been spotted here for a while.

References

  • WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES IN INDIA
  • [

http://www.jetsavetours.com/bharatpur-national-park.html Bharatpur National Park]

  • [http://www.tourismrajasthan.org/wildlife-sanctuaries-in-rajasthan/bharatpur-bird-sanctuary.html Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary}