Bull Fighting In Spain
[Image:Bull fighting.jpg|thumb] Bull fighting is the most traditional of Spanish Fiestas and is considered as art forms which are intimately linked with their countryâs history, art and culture. Although is very controversial, bullfighting is Spainâs oldest and best loved national sport.
Why should I be aware of this?
- Bullfighting is the most traditional of Spanish Fiestas. The Spanish people consider them art forms which are intimately linked with their countryâs history, art and culture.
- Pressure groups attempt to lobby against bullfighting yet the King of Spain himself has been quoted as saying that the day the EU bans bullfighting is the day Spain leaves the EU.
All about bull fighting
[Image:Bull_fight.jpg|thumb|Theseus fighting the Bull of Marathon] The first bullfight took place in celebration for the crowning of King Alfonso VIII of Spain in 711 AD. Ever since, this contest between the Matador (bull fighter) and the bull has been of of Spain's most popular spectator sports.
Bullfighting was originally meant to be an aristocratic sport, in which the bull fighter remained prudently on horseback. King Felipe V took exception to the sport however and banned the aristocracy from taking part, believing it to be a bad example to the public. After the ban commoners accepted the sport as their own and, since they could not afford horses, developed the practice of dodging the bulls on foot, unarmed. This transformation occurred around 1724.
What happens in a bull fight?
The bull is not an aggressive animal, and the reason he is angry and attempts to charge at the matador whilst in the bullring is mainly because he has been horrendously abused for the previous two days. In fact, what spectators see is not a normal, healthy bull, but a weakened, half-blinded and mentally destroyed version, whose chances of harming his tormentors is virtually nil. The bull has wet newspapers stuffed into his ears; vaseline is rubbed into his eyes to blur his vision; cotton is stuffed up his nostrils to cut off his respiration and a needle is stuck into his genitals. Also, a strong caustic solution is rubbed onto his legs which throws him off balance. This also keeps him from lying down on the ground. In addition to this, drugs are administered to pep him up or slow him down, and strong laxatives are added to his feed to further incapacitate him. He is kept in a dark box for a couple of days before he faces the ring: the purpose of this is to disorientate him. When he is let out of the box, he runs desperately towards the light at the end of the tunnel. He thinks that at last his suffering is over and he is being set free â instead, he runs into the bullring to face his killers and a jeering mob.
The matador is supposed to sever the artery near the heart with one thrust of the sword â in fact, [Fondue Forks this never happens. It often takes 2-3 times before the creature is mercifully released by death. By this time, the bullâs lungs and heart will be punctured and he always vomits blood. Miraculously, he sometimes attempts to rise again, and gets up on his knees, only to receive further mutilation at the hands of his tormentors. He finally gives up, goes to his knees and lies down. Even then, he is not allowed a little dignity to leave this world in peace, his ears and tail are cut off (often when he is fully conscious), and his broken, bleeding body is dragged around the ring by mules, to which he is attached by an apparatus made of wood and chains. Not content with his suffering, which must be too horrible to describe by words, the crowds boo and jeer him. They even throw empty beer cans at him. His body is then taken away to be skinned, and even then he may not be dead when this happens.
Common bull fighting terms
- Toro -- Bull
- Plaza de toros -- Bullring
- Corrida -- Bullfight
- Matador -- Star Bullfighter
- Torero -- Bullfighter (general term applicable to any person who engages in the ultimate death of the bull)
- Picador -- Lancer (on horseback)
- Banderillero -- Bullfighter (on foot) who inserts barbed wooden decorated sticks into the bullÂ´s neck muscle
- Traje de luces -- suit of lights (colourful sequinned suit worn by bullfighters)
- Veronica -- A type of pass whereby the cape is drawn over the bullÂ´s head while the man holds a posture.
- Novillos -- A novice bullfighter is called a novillero and fights not in a corrida, but in a novillada with young bulls (novillos)
A Critique of Bull Fighting
There are three main arguments against Bull Fighting. Firstly, it is cruel and barbaric. Secondly, it inflicts pointless suffering on the animals involved. Thirdly a bull can only "be used" once.
There is virtually no feasible argument against bullfighting regaurding the rights and safety of animals, for it is inhumane, painful and cruel to the bulls involved. The bulls are bred to die.
Bullfighting cannot be defended other than the argument that it is a part of Spain's culture.
In 2004, Barcelona declared itself "an anti-bullfighting city," and earlier this year an animal-protection law prohibiting new bullrings went into effect throughout the entire North-eastern region of Catalonia.
- It is estimated that the total number of people watching bullfights in Spain reaches one million every year.
- Only one species of bull of an ancient race that is only conserved in Spain, the toro bravo, is used for Bull Fights.
- 72% of Spaniards have no interest in bullfighting -- only 8% of Spaniards consider themselves bullfighting fans (Gallup poll 2006)
Bullfighting Industry Statistics
- 3,200 bullfights happen every year
- 11,500 bulls are killed in official bullfights; total number killed is estimated to be three times as high
- 200,000 employees work in the bullfighting industry; often seasonal jobs
- Annual revenue is Â£1bn
- Bullfights are subsidised by towns and cities (1/3 of the total costs)
(Source: Spaniens Stierkampf in der Krise, in: Der Tagesspiegel, 28 December 2006 and Initiative Anti-Corrida, Stier"kampf", Anti Corrida)
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