Foods for heart patient

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Contents

Foods to have more of

  • Sweet potatoes
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Carrots, Broccoli and Greens (lightly cooked to keep the carotenoids)
  • Pumpkin, canned or cooked
  • Squash
  • 97% or greater fat free chicken or turkey breast (I look for 99% fat free.)
  • Low fat tomato sauces and pasta
  • Onions and Garlic (Chop or crush to release the photonutrients)
  • Homemade pizza with 99% fat free chicken as meat sauce
  • Foods with low/no salt for those who have high blood pressure
  • Peanuts, walnuts, almonds in moderation (be careful not to gain weight)
  • Olive oil and canola oil substituted for other oils, (the key is to monounsaturated fats vs trans-fatty acids or partially hydrogenated fat)
  • Salmon and other fish (mackerel, sardines, herring), including the skin and fat (Research suggests this omega 3 fat (EPA fat) has the ability to raise HDLs. 1-5 servings per week recommended)
  • Defatted soy flour (at least 1/3 of a cup per day recommended)
  • Fat free milk (skim)
  • Oatmeal, shredded wheat, low-no sugar added cereals
  • Whole wheat bread
  • Fresh fruits
  • Apples (with skin for flavonids)
  • Oranges (Eat pulpy parts for flavonids)
  • Red or black grapes
  • Grape juice (1 cup per day recommended)
  • Grapefruit, especially pink which has 40% more beta carotene than white
  • Dried fruits, especially apricots, dates, prunes
  • Cantaloupes
  • Fat free homemade yogurt with extra dry milk to increase the magnesium and calcium content
  • Tupelo honey as a substitute for sugar in cakes, cookies, breads, etc.
  • Salad dressings and dips with non-fat sour cream or homemade yogurt
  • Baked whole wheat chips and tortillas
  • Bean and chickpea dishes and dips
  • Tomato salsas
  • Walnuts (for omega3)
  • Almonds and Avocados (for monounsaturated fat)
  • Broccoli Sprouts

Foods to avoid

Foods to consider avoiding

  • 1%, 2% and whole milk
  • Meats with 96% or less fat
  • Red meats
  • Hydrogenated oils such as stick margarine, and when listed as an ingredient in foods
  • Food with high butter fat and other animal fats, e.g., cheese, full fat yogurt, sauces
  • Hot dogs, hamburgers
  • Deep-fried foods
  • Sugar
  • Ice cream
  • Salt (if you have high blood pressure)
  • Candy, baked goods and ice cream made with fats
  • High fat snacks, chips

Pies, pastry's, cookies made with fat and sugar (plenty of healthy cookies, pies, pastry's in my recipes)


Dietary tips for heart patients

  • Try to lose weight if you are above your ideal body. This should be a gradual process, so avoid any fad diets or quick weight loss methods.
  • Quality of fat is more important than quantity. Along with reducing the quantity emphasize on omega 3 fats in the diet; this can be done in the form of adding flaxseeds and fish.
  • Avoid consumption of margarine, oily or fried foods, red meat, sweet preparations like cakes, pastries, margarine and carbonated drinks.
  • Foods high in magnesium helps to protect heart, include foods such as broccoli, potatoes, tofu, spinach, and wheat germ.
  • Include at least 8-9 servings of fresh fruits and vegetables in a day’s diet and 1 ser ving of green leafy vegetable daily.
  • Avoid taking any kind of stress or strain may it be physical or psychological

References

  • Diet for heart patient
  • Foods to have and foods to avoid